Ethics

Any research on traditional uses of plants and traditional food systems should follow the ISE Code of Ethics that is founded on mindfulness and respect. The continued documentation of the origin of collected plants, the agreements of use and the intellectual property rights associated with those plants is paramount.

Methods

An example of methods to conduct an assessment of traditional food systems:
 
Letitia M. McCune and Harriet V. Kuhnlein. 2011. Chapter 15: Assessment of Indigenous peoples’ traditional food and nutrition systems. In: Ethnobiology. E.N. Andersen, D. Pearsall, E. Hunn  and N. Turner (Eds.). Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, N.J. pp.249-266.   

IPR (Intellectual Property Rights)

         Ethnobotanical researchers often identify plants, and therefore seeds, with uses unique to a culture or that have been developed over generations to fit a particular environment and use. International treaties have recognized the rights of Indigenous Peoples to their seeds and to agreements upon collection. Many countries also require deposits in government herbaria. Whether one agrees with patenting or not, commercial enterprises could acquire these seeds in the name of research or biodiversity and subsequently create patentable products or plants. As material is transferred from seedbanks or herbaria are the agreements on use considered?

 

Continued documentation of the origin and agreements of use of any collected seeds/plants on collection sheets, herbarium specimens, material transfer agreements, seed bank holdings and research articles are paramount to the IPR of Indigenous Peoples to their plants and seed sovereignty.

Free access publication on these matters (important if a researcher or not):

     Letitia M. McCune. 2018. The Protection of Indigenous Peoples' Seed Rights during Ethnobotanical Research. Ethnobiology Letters 9(1):67-75. DOI 10.14237/ebi.9.1.2018.1076.   http://ojs.ethnobiology.org/index.php/ebl/article/view/1076

                              

Past IPR Presentations

 

       Letitia M. McCune. 2017. IPR and Traditional Plant Resources. Tohono O'odham Community College. Invited oral presentation for Earth Week.

      Letitia M. McCune. 2016. Traditional Seed Resources: Sovereignty and Ethics. 2016 FRTEP (Federally Recognized Tribal Extension Program) Professional Development Meeting. Invited oral paper presentation.

      Letitia M. McCune. 2016. Protecting Seed Sovereignty: What is the Role of the Ethnobotanist? 39th Annual Meeting of the Society of Ethnobiology. Oral paper presentation.

      Letitia M. McCune. 2016. Methods of IPR Protection: Examples of Agreements and Permitting Requirements. 57th Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Botany. Oral paper presentation. 

      Letitia M. McCune. 2015. Seed Sovereignty, Conservation and Patenting: The Protection of Intellectual Property Rights. 38th Annual Conference of the Society of Ethnobiology. Oral paper presentation.

   

      Letitia M. McCune. 2013. SEB Code of Ethics Workshop. 54th Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Botany. Ethics Chair, workshop panel organizer and moderator.

      Letitia M. McCune. 2013. Proposed SEB Code of Ethics and Introduction to ISE’s. 54th Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Botany. Oral paper presentation.

      Letitia M. McCune. 2012. Seed Conservation Policies to Increase Agricultural Biodiversity, IPR and Benefits Sharing. Oral paper presentation to Native Seeds/SEARCH staff and board members with suggestions for follow up.

      Letitia M. McCune. 2012. Seed Conservation Policies to Increase Agricultural Biodiversity, IPR and Benefits Sharing. 53rd Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Botany.Oral paper presentation.

      

      Letitia M. McCune. 2010. Agricultural Biodiversity, IPR and Benefits Sharing: The Native Seeds/SEARCH Example. 33rd Annual Meeting of the Society of Ethnobiology. Oral paper presentation.

       

Copyright © 2017 BotanyDoc, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

All material on this website is for informational purposes only and is not intended to substitute for the advice of a physician or other healthcare professional.